Decoding Hormonal Changes in Teen Girls: A Simple Guide

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Adolescence marks a pivotal phase of growth and transformation, especially for teenage girls. Rapid physical, emotional, and psychological changes characterise this phase, driven by hormonal fluctuations. This is a biological process that takes place for all teenagers during the ages 12-17.

It's a time of blossoming as the body slowly paves its way to adulthood. However, it’s not a smooth process and adolescent girls face many challenges as they adjust to puberty. Let’s take a look at all the changes your body undergoes.

Understanding Hormonal Changes

Adolescence heralds the onset of puberty, a period characterised by rapid physical growth and profound hormonal fluctuations. This transition, typically occurring between the ages of 10-19, initiates the development of secondary sexual characteristics and reproductive capabilities. The start of their menstrual cycles clearly demonstrates this for girls.

A series of hormonal changes, orchestrated by the endocrine system, starts with a surge in oestrogen and progesterone levels, triggering the maturation of reproductive organs and fostering the menstrual cycle. The influence of these hormones not only affects physical attributes like breast development and menstrual patterns, but also wields a profound impact on emotional well-being (potential mood swings).

Changes and Challenges to Expect

The hormonal flux marks the beginning of many changes your body will undergo. There will be many signs that your body is entering puberty. Some of these signs manifest as:

  • Acne - Caused by overactive glands in your skin, the sudden increase in the number of pimples you have is perfectly normal. Avoid touching them to avoid scarring them or making them worse. For any persistent discomfort or pain, visit your doctor.
  • Fluctuations in weight - The increase in hormone production will cause changes to your body structure. The weight around your thighs will increase and your hips will widen, which makes sudden increases in weight very common.
  • Breast development - You may notice that your breasts will have started developing. Sometimes one will grow at a different rate than the other, which is perfectly normal. If you’re unsure about buying a bra, talk with an adult you trust who can help you purchase a bra suitable for you.
  • Unwanted hair growth - One of the more shocking revelations about hitting puberty will be the thickening or growth of hair in new areas, like under your armpits and around your genitals. If you feel like shaving away the hair as it grows longer or curlier, ask an adult to teach you how to do it safely.

Because of these rapid changes, teenagers may grapple with:


  • Mood swings - The raging hormones within your body will lead to imbalances. These imbalances in your body can suddenly leave you in a bad mood without any explicit reason.
  • Anxiety - Many teens going through puberty will start to feel isolated or unable to relate to their friends. Your classmates may also be going through these changes and withdraw as well. You may subconsciously suppress the many new emotions and desires that come bubbling up to the surface.
  • Depression - The overwhelming cascade of emotions, changes, and venturing into the unknown can be too much sometimes. Depression amongst teens going through puberty is much more common than people may think, and sometimes even expected.

The additional pressures of shifting social paradigms will compound these heavy issues. Navigating peer dynamics and wrestling with their newfound self-esteem can pose additional challenges, underscoring the need for holistic support.

The most important thing is communicating your feelings to people you trust. Your parents, or another adult you trust, such as an elder cousin or even a teacher, can be great pillars of support. They would have gone through these changes themselves and can help you understand what exactly is happening to your body.

Where Does Ayurveda Come in?

Ayurveda recognises the intimate connection between the menstrual cycle and the doshic balance within the body. Fluctuations in oestrogen and progesterone can disrupt the equilibrium of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha doshas, predisposing individuals to imbalances and health concerns. 

Navigating the ebb and flow of hormonal changes during adolescence requires a holistic approach that honours the cyclical nature of the menstrual cycle. Ayurveda offers invaluable insights into maintaining balance and vitality through personalised lifestyle practices encompassing diet, exercise, stress management, and herbal therapies.

What Do We Understand?

Puberty is a process of change. It can be an uncomfortable journey, bringing many unwanted passengers along the way. But it’s a natural and unavoidable process and one that everyone all over the world experiences. By embracing personalised lifestyle practices and nurturing a deeper understanding of their bodies, you can cultivate resilience and empowerment through this transformative phase of life.

Remember to not clamp up on your feelings and regularly talk to someone about them. It’s a very confusing time in your life; your body is changing, your friends are changing, your feelings are changing. So, of course, what else can help your journey than a helping hand from someone you trust?


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