How to Approach Menstrual Health: Women’s Ayurveda

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Understanding menstrual health is crucial for women aged 20-35. It’s a period often marked by balancing the demands of education, work, and personal life. Ayurveda offers valuable insights into maintaining this balance through the regulation of doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. The doshas can significantly impact menstrual health, influencing everything from cycle regularity to emotional well-being. For women in this age group, managing doshic balance can help navigate the challenges of a busy lifestyle, ensuring a harmonious integration of work-life needs and overall health.

The Menstrual Cycle in Ayurveda

Ayurveda views the menstrual cycle as a reflection of overall health, governed by the natural rhythms of the body. The cycle is divided into three main phases, each influenced by different doshas:

  • Rutukala: The preovulatory phase, where the body prepares for potential conception. This stage is characterised by the kapha dosha. Kapha levels rise to an aggravated state known as kapha prakopa. The essence of kapha comes through in this phase through the juiciness and peacefulness women feel.
  • Rutuvyateeta Kala: The luteal phase, involving the preparation for either pregnancy or the next menstrual cycle. During this stage, pitta levels start to increase, replacing kapha towards the end of the Rutukala phase. As pitta reaches pitta prakopa, it becomes visible through the rakta dhatu (blood tissue layer) as the blood vessels increase in size in preparation for an egg.
  • Rajakala: The menstrual phase, characterised by the shedding of the uterine lining if no egg is received. Vata comes in to replace pitta and begins the menstrual flow after reaching vata prakopa. Atana vayu, a sub-dosha of vata, is responsible for the downward movement that allows menstrual blood to flow properly. This makes the balance of vata very important as imbalances can lead to pelvic pain, bad flow, and constipation.

Influence of Vata Dosha on the Menstrual Cycle

Role of Vata in the Menstrual Cycle: Vata dosha, particularly the Apana Vayu sub-dosha, plays a crucial role in the downward flow of menstrual blood. Vata's qualities of dryness and movement are essential for the timely and efficient onset of menstruation.

Symptoms of Vata Imbalance: An imbalance in Vata can lead to irregular menstrual cycles, painful periods, bloating, and anxiety. Women may experience scanty or delayed menstruation and heightened emotional sensitivity.

Ayurvedic Tips to Balance Vata: To balance Vata, it is important to focus on warmth and nourishment:

  • Diet Recommendations: Include warm, cooked foods, and avoid cold, raw foods. Opt for herbal teas made with vata pacifying herbs. Include sweet potatoes, ghee, and soups.
  • Lifestyle Practices: Emphasise rest and warmth, avoiding excessive physical or mental strain during menstruation.
  • Managing Stress: High stress from work or studies can exacerbate Vata imbalance. Incorporate relaxation techniques such as yoga and meditation.
  • Adequate Sleep and Hydration: Ensure sufficient sleep and stay well-hydrated to counteract Vata's drying qualities.

Influence of Pitta Dosha on the Menstrual Cycle

A Pitta imbalance may manifest as heavy menstrual bleeding, irritability, and inflammation. Women might experience premenstrual symptoms such as anger, frustration, and overheating.

Tips to Balance Pitta: To pacify Pitta, focus on cooling and calming strategies:

  • Diet Recommendations: Consume cooling foods like cucumbers, melons, and leafy greens. Avoid spicy, fried, and acidic foods.
  • Lifestyle Practices: Manage stress through mindfulness practices and keep cool, especially during hot weather.
  • Handling Hormonal Changes: Contraceptive use can influence Pitta. Monitor and manage any hormonal fluctuations with the help of an Ayurvedic practitioner.
  • Balancing a Busy Lifestyle: Ensure time for self-care amidst a hectic schedule, incorporating activities that soothe and cool the mind and body.

Influence of Kapha Dosha on the Menstrual Cycle

Role of Kapha in the Menstrual Cycle: Kapha dosha, characterised by stability and structure, maintains the reproductive system's tissues and fluids. Its qualities of heaviness and moisture influence the menstrual cycle's duration and consistency.

Symptoms of Kapha Imbalance: When Kapha is imbalanced, it can cause excessive mucus, heaviness, and sluggishness during menstruation. Women may experience weight gain, prolonged periods, and water retention.

Ayurvedic Tips to Balance Kapha: Balancing Kapha involves stimulating and energising the body:

  • Diet Recommendations: Incorporate light, spicy foods to enhance digestion and reduce mucus. Avoid heavy, oily, and sweet foods.
  • Lifestyle Practices: Engage in regular exercise and avoid overeating, especially in the evening.
  • Maintaining an Active Lifestyle: Balance work and family commitments with regular physical activity to prevent Kapha accumulation.
  • Avoiding Emotional Eating: Develop healthy eating habits to manage stress and emotions without resorting to food.

Balancing Doshas for a Healthy Menstrual Cycle

A holistic approach is an ideal way to balance all three doshas for good menstrual health. General Ayurvedic practices include:

  • Daily Routines (Dinacharya): Establish a consistent daily routine, incorporating practices like Abhyanga using Amrutam Kumkumadi Oil, meditation, and adequate sleep. A healthy routine comes with many benefits that extend beyond menstrual health. Good Dinacharya will lead to longevity and peace-of-mind. 
  • Seasonal Routines (Ritucharya): Adjust diet and lifestyle according to seasonal changes to maintain doshic balance throughout the year. Each season is associated with a different dosha, so it is important to match your lifestyle with the specific dosha to keep your dosha levels in balance.
  • Herbs and Treatments: Specific herbs such as Ashoka, Shatavari, and turmeric are beneficial for menstrual health. Amrutam offers a range of products containing these very herbs and ingredients that cater to menstrual health such as the Amrutam Nari Sondarya Malt. These herbs can bolster your immunity system and make up for a lack of the necessary supplements in your diet. Consult with an Ayurvedic practitioner for personalised herbal recommendations.

The three phases; Rutukala, Rutuvyateeta Kala, Rajakala, are all governed by the three doshas. Acquiring a proper understanding of how to balance each phase and its associated dosha will not only help with keeping a healthy menstrual cycle but your overall health as well. Balance is key in Ayurveda, whether it’s your doshas or your work-life. Maintaining balance has many untold benefits, such as improving your menstrual cycle while also helping you remove accumulated stress. Learn to seize the day with absolute confidence.


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